Strategy Consulting vs Management Consulting: Unraveling the Key Differences

Strategy Consulting vs Management Consulting: Unraveling the Key Differences

A Beginner’s Guide to Understanding the World of Consulting

If you’ve ever wondered, “What is strategy consulting VS. management consulting?” this beginner’s guide will shed light on their differences, explore the concept of consulting, and understand the differences between the types.

The consulting industry in the UK boasts a workforce of approximately 63,000 professionals, According to The Management Consultancies Association (MCA), the sector is estimated to be worth over £10 billion, making it the second-largest consultancy sector in Europe.

What is Strategy Consulting?

Strategy consulting revolve around helping businesses to develop and strategies to fix complex problems and optimise performance.

These consultants work closely with the organisation’s management, identifying growth opportunities, enhance competitive advantage, and take care of the most critical issues.

The focus is on shaping the direction of the company by assisting with decision making.

What Does Strategy Mean?

Strategy, in a business context, is the art of making plans and decisions that align with an organisations objectives.

It encompasses setting clear goals, understanding the market and competition, and leveraging the company’s strengths to gain a competitive edge.

A robust strategy allows business to allocate its resources effectively and adapt to change.


Consider a tech startup facing stiff competition. A strategy consultant might analyse the market, assess capabilities, and suggest diversification into new markets or innovative product offerings.

This strategic shift could help the startup thrive in a crowded industry.

The Role of Strategy Consultants

Strategy consultants bring valuable expertise and insights to the table. They use data-driven analysis and industry knowledge to craft tailored solutions.

As active listeners, they collaborate with clients to understand their pain points, evaluate potential options, and devise effective strategies. These professionals have a broad skill set, including problem-solving, critical thinking, and communication, making them adept at fostering organisational change.

What is Management Consulting?

Management consulting focuses on optimising a company’s day-to-day operations and solving specific challenges within the existing framework.

While strategy consulting zooms out to the big picture, management consulting zooms in to tackle immediate issues. Management consultants work across various departments and hierarchies, offering recommendations to improve efficiency, organisational structure, and overall performance.

The Role of Management Consultants

Management consultants act as problem solvers and efficiency drivers. They get immersed in the inner workings of a business, collecting data and conducting analyses to identify areas of improvement. Their recommendations are often practical and implementable, aimed at streamlining processes, reducing costs, and enhancing productivity.


A well-established retail chain hires management consultants to optimise its supply chain management. By assessing inventory turnover, shipping times, and warehousing costs, the consultants propose a more efficient distribution network. The result is reduced delivery times and cost savings for the company.

Strategy Consulting vs Management Consulting: The Key Differences

  1. Focus and Scope: The primary distinction between strategy and management consulting lies in their scope. Strategy consultants focus on high-level decision-making, long-term planning, and vision. Management consulting, focus on specific operational challenges and daily processes.
  2. Time Horizon: Strategy consulting takes a long-term view, looking at where a business wants to be in several years. Management consulting focuses on short-to-medium term improvements, often seeking immediate solutions to pressing issues.
  3. Level of Involvement: Strategy consultants usually work closely with top executives and board members, while management consultants interact with various levels of management and frontline staff.
  4. Outcomes: Strategy consulting aims to reshape the organisations direction and competitive advantage, resulting in significant changes to the business model. Management consulting aims to optimise existing systems and operations, leading to incremental improvements.


In conclusion, strategy consulting and management consulting play pivotal roles in the business world, each with its distinctive focus and objectives. Strategy consulting shapes an organisations future by crafting long-term plans and guiding its overall trajectory. On the other hand, management consulting delves into the present to enhance efficiency, solve problems, and fine-tune daily operations. By understanding the differences between these two branches, businesses can leverage the expertise of consultants effectively to achieve their goals and thrive in a dynamic market.